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Role of left ventricular hypertrophy in diastolic dysfunction in aged hypertensive patients
journal contributionposted on 1997-01-01, 00:00 authored by M Zabalgoitia, S N U Rahman, W E Haley, D A Abochamh, L Oneschuk, John Amerena, S Yarows, L Krause, C Yunis, C Lucas
Objective. To evaluate the influence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) on the diastolic dysfunction in older hypertensive patients. Methods. In total 665 patients (58% men, 61% White, aged 55-80 years) with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension underwent Doppler echocardiography. Data included left ventricular dimensions, left ventricular mass index, body mass index, E- and A-wave mitral flow velocities, E:A ratio, deceleration time and three mitral flow patterns [normal (E:A ratio > 1.0, deceleration time > 150 ms), impaired relaxation (E:A ratio < 1.0, prolonged deceleration time according to age), and restrictive physiology (E:A ratio > 2.1, deceleration time < 150 ms)]. Data were distributed according to age (50-59, 60-69, and 70-80 years). Results. The overall prevalence of sex-adjusted LVH in this study was 65%. When we compared hypertensive patients with and without LVH, the E- and A-wave velocities, E:A ratio, and deceleration time were similar. Moreover, the prevalences of normal, impaired relaxation, and restrictive physiology patterns among patients with and without LVH did not differ significantly (20, 79.5, and 0.5 versus 24, 75.5, and 0.5%). When the mitral flow patterns were adjusted according to age, the impaired relaxation pattern increased further with age (to 73% during the fifth decade, 83% during the sixth decade, and 88% during the seventh decade). Conclusions. LVH is not an independent factor associated with abnormal flow patterns in hypertensive patients aged over 50 years with normal systolic contractility. The impaired relaxation is the predominant pattern of diastolic dysfunction in older hypertensive patients and increases further with aging.