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Rotator cuff contact pressures at the tendon-implant interface after anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty using a metal-backed glenoid component
journal contributionposted on 2018-11-01, 00:00 authored by Richard Thomas, Martin Richardson, Minoo Patel, Richard PageRichard Page, Morgan Sangeux, David C Ackland
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears following anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty increase with duration of follow-up. This study aimed to evaluate contact pressure between the rotator cuff tendons and prosthesis after anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty and compare these with the tendon-contact pressures in the native shoulder. METHODS: Eight entire upper extremities were mounted onto a testing apparatus, and simulated muscle loading was applied to each rotator cuff tendon with the shoulder positioned in abduction, internal rotation, and external rotation. Pressure-sensitive film placed between each tendon and bone was used to measure the resultant tendon contact pressures. Experiments were repeated after anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty using standardized implant sizes, and pressure-sensitive film was used to evaluate tendon-prosthesis contact pressure. RESULTS: Both joint angle and shoulder joint replacement surgery had significant effects on the maximum contact pressure measured between the humeral head and all rotator cuff tendons (P < .05) except the teres minor. The supraspinatus demonstrated a significantly larger peak tendon contact pressure after surgery at 45° of abduction relative to that in the native shoulder (mean difference, 0.2 MPa; P = .031), while the subscapularis had a significantly larger maximum contact pressure at 10° of abduction (mean difference, 0.45 MPa; P = .032) and 90° of abduction (mean difference, 0.80 MPa; P = .008) postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty results in significantly larger tendon contact pressures relative to those in the native shoulder. High tendon contact pressures may ultimately predispose rotator cuff tendons to postoperative wear-induced damage and tearing.