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Safety and Efficacy of Tenecteplase in Older Patients with Large Vessel Occlusion: A Pooled Analysis of the EXTEND-IA TNK Trials

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posted on 2022-03-22, 00:00 authored by V Yogendrakumar, L Churilov, P J Mitchell, T J Kleinig, N Yassi, V Thijs, T Y Wu, D G Shah, F C Ng, H M Dewey, T Wijeratne, B Yan, P M Desmond, M W Parsons, G A Donnan, S M Davis, B C V Campbell, R Dowling, S Bush, R Scroop, M Simpson, M Brooks, Hamed AsadiHamed Asadi, T Ang, F Miteff, C Levi, H Zhao, F Alemseged, P Salvaris, C Garciaesperon, P Bailey, H Rice, L De Villiers, P Choi, H Brown, K Redmond, D Leggett, J Fink, W Collecutt, T Kraemer, D Cordato, C Muller, A Coulthard, K Mitchell, J Clouston, K Mahady, D Field, B O'Brien, Ben ClissoldBen Clissold, A Clissold, G Cloud, L Bolitho, L Bonavia, A Bhattacharya, A Wright, A Mamun, F O'Rourke, J Worthington, A Wong, H Ma, T Phan, W Chong, R Chandra, L A Slater, M Krause, T Harrington, K Faulder, B Steinfort, C Bladin, G Sharma
Background and ObjectivesDetailed study of tenecteplase (TNK) in patients older than 80 years is limited. The objective of our study was to assess the safety and efficacy of TNK at 0.25 and 0.40 mg/kg doses in patients older than 80 years with large vessel occlusion.MethodsWe performed a pooled analysis of the EXTEND-IA TNK randomized controlled trials (n = 502). Patients were adults presenting with ischemic stroke due to occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid, middle cerebral, or basilar artery presenting within 4.5 hours of symptom onset. We compared the treatment effect of TNK 0.25 mg/kg, TNK 0.40 mg/kg, and alteplase 0.90 mg/kg, stratifying for patient age (>80 years). Outcomes evaluated include 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score, all-cause mortality, and symptomatic ICH. Treatment effect was adjusted for baseline NIH Stroke Score, age, and time from symptom onset to puncture via mixed effects proportional odds and logistic regression models.ResultsIn patients >80 years (n = 137), TNK 0.25 mg/kg was associated with improved 90-day mRS (median 3 vs 4, adjusted common odds ratio (acOR) 2.70, 95% CI 1.23-5.94) and reduced mortality (acOR 0.34, 95% CI 0.13-0.91) vs 0.40 mg/kg. TNK 0.25 mg/kg was associated with improved 90-day mRS (median 3 vs 4, acOR 2.28, 95% CI 1.03-5.05) vs alteplase. No difference in 90-day mRS or mortality was detected between alteplase and TNK 0.40 mg/kg. Symptomatic ICH was observed in 4 patients treated with TNK 0.40 mg/kg, 1 patient treated with alteplase, and 0 patients treated with TNK 0.25 mg/kg. In patients ≤80 years, no differences in 90-day mRS, mortality, or symptomatic ICH were observed among TNK 0.25 mg/kg, alteplase, and TNK 0.40 mg/kg.DiscussionTNK 0.25 mg/kg was associated with improved 90-day mRS and lower mortality in patients older than 80 years. No differences among the doses were observed in younger patients.Trial Registration InformationNCT02388061, NCT03340493.Classification of EvidenceThis study provides Class II evidence that tenecteplase 0.25 mg/kg given before endovascular therapy in patients >80 years old with large vessel occlusion stroke is associated with better functional outcomes at 90 days and reduced mortality when compared to tenecteplase 0.40 mg/kg or alteplase 0.90 mg/kg.

History

Journal

Neurology

Volume

98

Issue

12

Publisher

Wolters Kluwer

ISSN

0028-3878

eISSN

1526-632X

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

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