School Influences on Adolescent Depression: A 6-Year Longitudinal Study Amongst Catholic, Government and Independent Schools, in Victoria, Australia
journal contributionposted on 14.03.2022, 00:00 authored by Bosco RowlandBosco Rowland, Mohammadreza MohebbiMohammadreza Mohebbi, Adrian B Kelly, Michelle BensteadMichelle Benstead, Jess A Herde, Elizabeth ClancyElizabeth Clancy, Jennifer A Bailey, Bill Hallam, Paul Sharkey, Robyn Horner, John ToumbourouJohn Toumbourou
AbstractThis study examined associations between school sector (Government, Catholic or Independent) and depressive symptomology over the secondary school years. Six waves of data collected annually from a representative Australian sample were examined. Multilevel piecewise linear and logistic regression controlling for a variety of demographic variables and protective factors was undertaken. In all sectors, depressive symptomology decreased between 10 and 13 years of age, but significantly increased for girls at age 13. Adolescents in Catholic schools reported significantly fewer symptoms of depression compared to those in Government and Independent schools. Adolescents in Catholic schools were less likely to report clinical levels of depressed mood compared to adolescents in Government schools.