Deakin University

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Schottky direct-current energy harvesters with large current output density

journal contribution
posted on 2019-08-01, 00:00 authored by Hao Shao, Jian Fang, Hong Wang, Haitao Niu, Hua Zhou, Yuying Cao, F Chen, S Fu, Tong Lin
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Conducting polymer-metal Schottky diodes have emerged as a novel principle for direct conversion of small mechanical forces into direct current (DC)power without rectification. They have great potential in energy harvesting and self-powered miniature electronics. However, it remains a challenge to enhance the electrical outputs through materials design. In this study, we for the first time demonstrate a novel approach to significantly improving the current outputs of Schottky DC generators simply by incorporating a small amount of graphene oxide (GO)into the conducting polymer layer. Using Al/polypyrrole (PPy)/Au as a device model, we show that just adding 1.6 wt% GO into PPy can lead to 525% increase in device current output without changing output voltage. At the optimal condition, the GO involved device can generate peak currents as high as 1.319 A m−2 with an output power density of 0.21 W m−2. GO is found to play multiple roles in the device, including reducing internal resistance and barrier height at compression state, increasing charge storage and enhancing rectification. Apart from GO, other nano carbons, such as carbon nanotubes and graphene, also show a similar effect on current outputs. This novel approach may be useful for development of various self-powered electronics.



Nano energy




171 - 180




Amsterdam, The Netherlands





Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, Elsevier