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Seasonal Calendars Enhance Climate Communication in the Pacific

Version 2 2024-06-03, 03:07
Version 1 2024-03-13, 01:32
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 03:07 authored by Lynda E Chambers, Roan PlotzRoan Plotz, Siosinamele Lui, Faapisa Aiono, Tile Tofaeono, David Hiriasia, Lloyd Tahani, Ofa Fa'anunu, Seluvaia Finaulahi, Albert Willy
AbstractTraditional calendars document seasonal cycles and the communities’ relationships to their biophysical environment and are often used by communities, particularly subsistence farmers, to synchronize their livelihood activities with the timing of ecological processes. Because the timing of these ecological processes is not always consistent from year to year, the use of traditional seasonal calendars can help communities to cope with climate variability, particularly when biophysical phenomena become less predictable in relation to the Gregorian calendar, as has been observed in relation to climate change. Although the structure and content of seasonal calendars vary across the Pacific Ocean region, for many indigenous communities, knowledge of seasonal calendars can increase their capacity to cope with climate variability and change. To increase the effectiveness of their products and enhance their relevance to and uptake by the community, several Pacific meteorological services are now using traditional seasonal calendars in their climate communication and education, including in forecasts and warnings. The use of a participatory approach resulted in strong relationships and improved dialogues. Local communities appreciated assistance in enabling their knowledge to become available to future generations, and its inclusion in meteorological service products makes these products more accessible and relevant to community members.

History

Journal

Weather, Climate, and Society

Volume

13

Pagination

159-172

ISSN

1948-8327

eISSN

1948-8335

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

1

Publisher

American Meteorological Society