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Second-phase hardening and rule of mixture, microbands and dislocation hardening in Fe67.4−xCr15.5Ni14.1Si3.0Bx (x = 0, 2) alloy systems

Version 2 2024-06-04, 02:08
Version 1 2018-05-25, 13:18
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-04, 02:08 authored by M Askari-Paykani, HR Shahverdi, R Miresmaeili, Hossein BeladiHossein Beladi
© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The work-hardening mechanisms of two novel advanced high-strength steels (Fe67.4−xCr15.5Ni14.1Si3.0Bx[x = 0 (0B), 2 (2B)] wt%) were investigated by means of field emission gun scanning electron microscopy coupled with angle-selective backscattered detection, transmission electron microscopy, and electron backscattered diffraction. The 0B and 2B specimens combined low yield stresses and high ultimate tensile strengths with good total elongation percentages, with results of 219 MPa, 568 MPa, and 83% and 357 MPa, 703 MPa, and 42%, respectively. The 0B and 2B alloys were characterized by a decreasing work hardening rate, followed by a constant and finally a steep decreasing change tendency. Detailed angle-selective backscattered and electron backscattered diffraction microscopy observations on interrupted tensile test specimens revealed that the work hardening rate in these alloys was facilitated by planar (extended stacking faults) and wavy (dislocation cell and wavy microbands) characteristics and mechanical nano-twins. The total flow stresses of the 0B and 2B specimens were calculated from the dislocation density and twin spacing. This indicated that the work hardening contribution of the microband mechanism can be estimated via a dislocation hardening formula. The rule of mixture was also used to evaluate the effect of a boron addition on the total flow stress of the 2B specimen; this illustrated that, in addition to the strengthening contribution of the second hard phase to the yield stress, the rule of mixture must also be considered. The calculated values of the contribution of the mechanical nano-twins and dislocations on the work-hardening for 0B and 2B specimens were about 62% and 18.6% and 52% and 31.8%, respectively.

History

Journal

Materials Science and Engineering A

Volume

715

Pagination

214-225

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0921-5093

eISSN

1873-4936

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, Elsevier B.V.

Publisher

ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA