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Selection of empirical mode decomposition techniques for extracting breathing rate from PPG

Version 2 2024-06-04, 04:21
Version 1 2019-04-11, 15:40
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-04, 04:21 authored by MA Motin, Chandan KarmakarChandan Karmakar, M Palaniswami
Breathing rate (BR) is a significant bio marker that provides both prognostic and diagnostic information for monitoring physiological condition. In addition to vital bio markers, such as blood oxygen saturation and pulse rate, BR can be extracted from non-invasive and wearable pulse oximeter based photoplethysmogram (PPG). Empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and its noise-assisted variants are widely used for decomposing non-linear and non-stationary signals. In this work, the effect of all variants of EMD in extracting BR from PPG has been investigated. We have used an EMD family PCA based hybrid model in extracting BR from PPG, which is a natural extension of our previously developed ensemble EMD (EEMD) PCA hybrid model. The performance of each model has been tested using two different datasets: MIMIC and Capnobase. Median absolute error varied from 0 to 5.03 and from 2.47 to 10.55 breaths/min for MIMIC and Capnobase dataset, respectively. Among all the EMD variants, EEMD-PCA and improved complete EEMD with adaptive noise (ICEEMDAN) PCA hybrid model present better performance for both datasets. This is the first study to compare EMD variants performance for decomposing real world signal and determine that from current methods, ICEEMDAN and EEMD are optimal for estimating BR from PPG.

History

Journal

IEEE signal processing letters

Volume

26

Pagination

592-596

Location

Piscataway, N.J.

ISSN

1070-9908

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, IEEE

Issue

4

Publisher

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers