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Self-efficacy, imagery use, and adherence during injury rehabilitation

journal contribution
posted on 2012-10-01, 00:00 authored by N Wesch, C Hall, H Prapavessis, Ralph MaddisonRalph Maddison, S Bassett, L Foley, S Brooks, L Forwell
Previous observational studies examining imagery, self-efficacy, and adherence during injury rehabilitation have been cross-sectional and thus have not provided a clear representation of what occurs over the course of the rehabilitation period. The objectives of this research were (1) to examine the temporal patterns of imagery, self-efficacy, and rehabilitation adherence during an 8-week rehabilitation program and (2) to identify the time-order relationships between imagery, self-efficacy, and adherence. The design of the study was prospective and observational. 90 injured people (n=57 males; n=33 females) aged 18-78 years attending an injury rehabilitation clinic participated. The main outcome measures were imagery (cognitive, motivational, and healing), self-efficacy (task and coping), and rehabilitation adherence (duration, quality, and frequency). Results indicated that task efficacy, imagery use, and adherence levels remained stable, while coping efficacy declined over time. During the course of rehabilitation, moderate to strong reciprocal relationships existed between self-efficacy and adherence to rehabilitation. Weak to moderate relationships were found between imagery use and rehabilitation adherence. The results of this study can be used to inform the development of interventions steeped in self-efficacy and imagery aimed at improving rehabilitation adherence and treatment outcome.

History

Journal

Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports

Volume

22

Pagination

695-703

Location

Chichester, Eng.

eISSN

1600-0838

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2011, John Wiley & Sons A/S

Issue

5

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell