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Serological evidence of bluetongue virus and associated factors in small ruminants of Bangladesh

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-10, 03:37 authored by S Islam, MK Rahman, J Abedin, S Zamil, MA Sayeed, MZ Rahman, Ariful IslamAriful Islam
Bluetongue (BT) is an infectious, vector-borne viral disease of animals having a substantial economic impact and it is endemic in the bordering states of the Indian subcontinent. Livestock enters frequently from India into Bangladesh without any screening. Hence, this study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of Bluetongue virus (BTV) and associated risk factors in small ruminants of Bangladesh. We conducted a cross-sectional study in the Dhaka, Chattogram, and Faridpur districts of Bangladesh between 2017 and 2018. The team collected 333 serum samples from 123 goats and 210 sheep and tested them for the presence of antibodies against BTV using a competitive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (c-ELISA). A mixed multivariable logistic regression model was built to identify risk factors. Sample collection location was included as a random effect and husbandry and demographic variables as fixed effects to identify the potential risk factors. The BTV seroprevalence was found to be 55.3% (n = 184; 95% CI: 49.74–60.68). In the mixed-effect logistic regression analysis, animal species (AOR: 4.69; 95% CI: 2.49–8.82; p = 0.001) and vector control measurement (AOR: 9.01; 95% CI: 4.01–20.00; p = 0.0001) were significantly associated with BTV seropositivity. However, no significant association was found in multivariable mixed-effect logistic regression for the variables age, body condition score (BCS), vaccination against PPR (p > 0.05). The study found evidence of high seroprevalence of BTV in both sheep and goats in different districts of Bangladesh, indicating natural exposure of the virus and the animals can serve as a potential threat for other animals. Further research is needed to isolate and identify the circulating virus serotype(s) of BTV in Bangladesh as well as longitudinal studies for epidemiological investigations to formulate sound control programs and to enhance the awareness about the possible impacts of this disease on the livelihood of the people.



Preventive Veterinary Medicine



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Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal


Elsevier BV