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Sex-Based Mhrt Methylation Chromatinizes MeCP2 in the Heart

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Version 3 2024-06-18, 15:59
Version 2 2024-06-04, 15:43
Version 1 2019-07-30, 10:19
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-18, 15:59 authored by KN Harikrishnan, J Okabe, P Mathiyalagan, AW Khan, SA Jadaan, G Sarila, Mark ZiemannMark Ziemann, I Khurana, SS Maxwell, XJ Du, A El-Osta
© 2019 The Author(s) In the heart, primary microRNA-208b (pri-miR-208b) and Myheart (Mhrt) are long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) encoded by the cardiac myosin heavy chain genes. Although preclinical studies have shown that lncRNAs regulate gene expression and are protective for pathological hypertrophy, the mechanism underlying sex-based differences remains poorly understood. In this study, we examined DNA- and RNA-methylation-dependent regulation of pri-miR-208b and Mhrt. Expression of pri-miR-208b is elevated in the left ventricle of the female heart. Despite indistinguishable DNA methylation between sexes, the interaction of MeCP2 on chromatin is subject to RNase digestion, highlighting that affinity of the methyl-CG reader is broader than previously thought. A specialized procedure to isolate RNA from soluble cardiac chromatin emphasizes sex-based affinity of an MeCP2 co-repressor complex with Rest and Hdac2. Sex-specific Mhrt methylation chromatinizes MeCP2 at the pri-miR-208b promoter and extends the functional relevance of default transcriptional suppression in the heart.

History

Journal

iScience

Volume

17

Pagination

288-301

Location

United States

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

2589-0042

eISSN

2589-0042

Language

English

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, The Authors

Publisher

CELL PRESS