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Sleep duration and sleep efficiency in UK long-distance heavy goods vehicle drivers

Version 2 2024-05-30, 16:47
Version 1 2022-05-18, 10:00
journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-30, 16:47 authored by AP Sherry, SA Clemes, YL Chen, C Edwardson, LJ Gray, A Guest, J King, AV Rowlands, K Ruettger, M Sayyah, V Varela-Mato, I Hartescu
OBJECTIVES: To profile sleep duration and sleep efficiency in UK long-distance heavy goods vehicle (HGV) drivers and explore demographic, occupational and lifestyle predictors of sleep. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were carried out on 329 HGV drivers (98.5% men) recruited across an international logistics company within the midland's region, UK. Sleep duration and efficiency were assessed via wrist-worn accelerometry (GENEActiv) over 8 days. Proportions of drivers with short sleep duration (<6 hour/24 hours and <7 hour/24 hours) and inadequate sleep efficiency (<85%) were calculated. Demographic, occupational and lifestyle data were collected via questionnaires and device-based measures. Logistic regression assessed predictors of short sleep duration and inadequate sleep efficiency. RESULTS: 58% of drivers had a mean sleep duration of <6 hour/24 hours, 91% demonstrated <7-hour sleep/24 hours and 72% achieved <85% sleep efficiency. Sleeping <6 hour/24 hours was less likely in morning (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.94) and afternoon (OR 0.24, CI 0.10 to 0.60) shift workers (vs night) and if never smoked (vs current smokers) (OR 0.45, CI -0.22 to 0.92). The likelihood of sleeping <7 hour/24 hours reduced with age (OR 0.92, CI 0.87 to 0.98). The likelihood of presenting inadequate sleep efficiency reduced with age (OR 0.96, CI 0.93 to 0.99) and overweight body mass index category (vs obese) (OR 0.47, CI 0.27 to 0.82). CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of short sleep duration and insufficient sleep quality (efficiency) rate suggest that many HGV drivers have increased risk of excessive daytime sleepiness, road traffic accidents and chronic disease. Future sleep research in UK HGV cohorts is warranted given the road safety and public health implications.

History

Journal

Occupational and environmental medicine

Volume

79

Pagination

109-115

Location

London, Eng.

eISSN

1470-7926

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

2

Publisher

BMJ

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