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Sleep in high-functioning children with autism : longitudinal developmental change and associations with behavior problems

journal contribution
posted on 2013-01-01, 00:00 authored by Tamara May, K Cornish, R Conduit, S Rajaratnam, Nicole Rinehart
Sleep disturbance is common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but longitudinal trajectories are poorly defined. This study measured sleep disturbance at baseline and 1 year later examining change over time and associated problem behaviors. Participants were 84 gender-matched children, aged between 7 and 12 years at baseline; 46 children were diagnosed with ASD, and 38 were typically developing (TYP) children. Parent reports on a range of scales were collected. The ASD group had more sleep disturbance than the TYP group. Sleep disturbance decreased over the year in children with ASD, but not in TYP children. Reduced sleep disturbance was associated with improved social ability. Sleep disturbance at baseline predicted later anxiety. Findings indicated different trajectories of sleep disturbance in ASD, and the implications are discussed.

History

Journal

Behavioral sleep medicine

Volume

12

Issue

1

Pagination

1 - 17

Publisher

Routledge

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

1540-2010

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2013, Taylor & Francis