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Social and academic premorbid adjustment domains predict different functional outcomes among youth with first episode mania
journal contributionposted on 2017-09-01, 00:00 authored by A Ratheesh, C G Davey, R Daglas, C Macneil, M Hasty, K Filia, P D McGorry, Michael BerkMichael Berk, P Conus, S Cotton
BACKGROUND: Premorbid characteristics may help predict the highly variable functional and illness outcomes of young people with early stage Bipolar Disorder (BD). We sought to examine the relationships between premorbid adjustment and short to medium-term outcomes after a first treated episode of mania. METHODS: We examined the baseline and 18-month follow-up characteristics of 117 participants with first episode of mania, treated at two tertiary early intervention services in Melbourne, Australia. The baseline demographic, family history, diagnoses, comorbidity and clinical features were determined using unstructured questionnaires and structured diagnostic interviews. Premorbid adjustment was determined using the Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS), the components of which were identified using a principal component analysis. Eighteen-month follow-up outcome measures included the Clinical Global Impressions scale, Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale and the Heinrichs' Quality of Life Scale (QLS). Correlations and linear regressions were utilised to examine the relationships between component scores and outcomes, while controlling for baseline and follow-up confounders. RESULTS: The social adjustment component of the PAS correlated with the interpersonal relations (rs = -0.46, p<0.001) domain of QLS while the academic adjustment component of the PAS correlated with the vocational functioning domain of QLS (rs =-0.39, p = 0.004). Premorbid adjustment did not predict illness severity or objective functioning. LIMITATIONS: Lack of information on cognition, personality factors and prodromal symptoms limited the assessment of their impact on outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Impairments in domains of premorbid adjustment may be early markers of persistent difficulties in social and vocational functioning and may benefit from targeted interventions.
JournalJournal of affective disorders
Pagination133 - 140
LocationAmsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication classificationC Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2017, Elsevier B.V.
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BipolarDepressionFunctioningPredictionPremorbid adjustmentPsychotic maniaScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineClinical NeurologyPsychiatryNeurosciences & NeurologyPSYCHIATRIC RATING-SCALEQUALITY-OF-LIFERANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIALBIPOLAR-I DISORDER1ST-EPISODE PSYCHOSISINDIVIDUAL PLACEMENTEARLY INTERVENTIONGLOBAL BURDENSCHIZOPHRENIARECOVERY