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Socio-economic and ecological challenges of small-scale fishing and strategies for its sustainable management: a case study of the Old Brahmaputra River, Bangladesh

journal contribution
posted on 2013-03-01, 00:00 authored by Nesar Ahmed, Sanzidur Rahman, Stuart W Bunting, Cecile Brugere
Socio‐economic and ecological challenges faced by the small‐scale fishers dependent on the Old Brahmaputra River, Bangladesh are assessed using a combination of questionnaire survey, co‐monitoring of fish catch, focus group discussions and key informant interviews. Results reveal that the fishers are involved in professional, seasonal or subsistence fishing. Fish catches from the river have declined significantly because of overfishing, destructive use of fishing gear, water pollution, siltation, rapid urbanization and human encroachment, thereby threatening the health of the river ecosystem as well as the future of small‐scale fishing. We evaluate various social, economic and ecological challenges faced by the fisher communities. We propose a conceptual framework that recognizes linkages among social, economic and ecological aspects in devising a sustainable river fisheries management system. We recommend effective legal enforcement of policies and regulations, strong institutional collaboration and active fisher community participation in management to ensure sustainable use of the resource base.

History

Journal

Singapore journal of tropical geography

Volume

34

Issue

1

Pagination

86 - 102

Publisher

Wiley

Location

Chichester, Eng.

ISSN

0129-7619

eISSN

1467-9493

Language

English

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal