ball-socioeconomicposition-2009.pdf (120.85 kB)
Download file

Socioeconomic position and children's physical activity and sedentary behaviors : longitudinal findings from the CLAN study

Download (120.85 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 01.05.2009, 00:00 authored by Kylie BallKylie Ball, Verity Cleland, Anna TimperioAnna Timperio, Jo SalmonJo Salmon, David CrawfordDavid Crawford
Background: This study aimed to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and physical activity and sedentary behaviors amongst children and adolescents.

Methods: Maternal education was reported by parents of 184 5-6 year-old and 358 10-12 year-old children in 2001. In 2001 and 2004, physical activity was assessed by accelerometry. Older children self-reported and parents of younger children proxy-reported physical activity and television (TV) viewing behaviors. Linear regression was used to predict physical activity and sedentary behaviors, and changes in these behaviors, from maternal education.

Results: Among all children, accelerometer-determined and self/parent-reported moderate and vigorous physical activity declined over three years. Girls of higher SEP demonstrated greater decreases in TV viewing behaviours than those of low SEP. In general, no prospective associations were evident between SEP and objectively-assessed physical activity. A small number of prospective associations were noted between SEP and self-reported physical activity, but these were generally weak and inconsistent in direction.

Conclusions: This study did not find strong evidence that maternal education was cross-sectionally or longitudinally predictive of children’s physical activity or sedentary behaviors. Given the well-documented inverse relationship of SEP with physical activity levels in adult samples, findings suggest that such disparities may emerge after adolescence.

History

Journal

Journal of physical activity and health

Volume

6

Issue

3

Pagination

289 - 298

Publisher

Human Kinetics

Location

Champaign, Ill.

ISSN

1543-3080

eISSN

1543-5474

Language

eng

Notes

Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2009, Human Kinetics