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Solid-state structures of base-free ytterbocenes and inclusion compounds of bis(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)ytterbium with neutral carboranes and toluene: the role of intermolecular contacts

Version 2 2024-06-05, 00:22
Version 1 2018-09-11, 15:35
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-05, 00:22 authored by Madeleine SchultzMadeleine Schultz, CJ Burns, DJ Schwartz, RA Andersen
The base-free ytterbocenes (Me5C5)2Yb, (Me4C5H)2Yb, and [1,3-(Me3C)2C5H3]2Yb have been prepared from their diethyl ether adducts, synthesized by reaction of YbI2and the sodium salt of the substituted cyclopentadiene anion in diethyl ether. The structures of the base-free molecules have been determined by X-ray crystallography. The molecule (Me5C5)2Yb has been found to crystallize in two different morphologies; the complex also forms inclusion complexes with toluene, ortho-carborane, meta-carborane, and 1,2-dimethyl-ortho-carborane. The ytterbocene molecule in all of the derivatives examined is bent in the solid state with centroid-metal-centroid angles ranging from 132° to 147°. A detailed examination of the structures and comparison with the reported structures of (Me5C5)2Eu, (Me5C5)2Sm, [1,3-(Me3Si)2C5H3]2Yb, and [1,3-(Me3Si)2C5H3]2Eu reveal that bending is the general structural preference. Close inter- or intramolecular contacts are observed in every case between the ytterbium atom and one or more carbon atoms other than those of the two cyclopentadienide rings of that ytterbocene fragment. The packing geometry is dictated by the substituents on the cyclopentadienide rings, the molecules arranging so as to minimize crowding in the solid state. The net result is a coordination polymer, dimer, or monomer, depending on the ring substituents.

History

Journal

Organometallics

Volume

19

Pagination

781-789

Location

Washington, D.C.

ISSN

0276-7333

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2000, American Chemical Society

Issue

5

Publisher

American Chemical Society