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Stenting as first-line management for all patients with nonperforating left-sided obstructing colorectal cancer
journal contributionposted on 2013-07-01, 00:00 authored by C Warden, Douglas StupartDouglas Stupart, P Goldberg
AIM: Since 2005, we have used self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) as primary treatment for all patients with left-sided obstructing colorectal cancer without evidence of perforation. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of this treatment. METHOD: This was a prospective study of consecutive patients with left-sided obstructing colorectal cancer without perforation or peritonitis treated between January 2005 and June 2009. SEMS placement was attempted in all cases. Emergency surgery was reserved for patients in whom a stent placement failed. After successful decompression, surgery was offered to patients with potentially curable disease. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients were included, with successful SEMS placement in 60/77 (78%) patients, 25 as a bridge to surgery and 35 for palliation. Immediate complications occurred in two (3%) cases. There was no mortality. Of 35 patients in whom SEMS was for palliation, 32 (91%) avoided surgery altogether. A stoma was fashioned in 5 (8.3%) of the 60 patients who were successfully stented, and in 12 (71%) of the 17 patients in whom stenting failed (P = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: A SEMS-based management protocol for patients with large bowel obstruction due to colorectal cancer is safe and effective.
Paginatione389 - e395
Publication classificationC Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2013, Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
colonic stentsbowel obstructioncolorectal cancerAdenocarcinomaAdultAgedAged, 80 and overCohort StudiesColonoscopyColorectal NeoplasmsDecompression, SurgicalFemaleHumansIntestinal ObstructionMaleMiddle AgedPalliative CareProspective StudiesStentsTreatment OutcomeScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineGastroenterology & HepatologySurgeryEMERGENCY-SURGERYCOLON-CANCERTRIALMORBIDITY