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Stiffening Performance of Cold-Formed C-Section Beam Filled with Lightweight-Recycled Concrete Mixture

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-19, 11:09 authored by AW Al Zand, MF Alghaaeb, MC Liejy, AA Mutalib, Riyadh Al-AmeriRiyadh Al-Ameri
The aim of this paper is to investigate the flexural performance of a new steel–concrete composite beam system, which is required to carry higher loads when applied in flooring systems with less self-weight and cost compared with conventional composite beams. This new composite member is prepared by filling a single cold-formed steel C-section with concrete material that has varied lightweight-recycled aggregates. In addition, varied stiffening scenarios are suggested to improve the composite behavior of this member, since these cold-formed C-sections are of a slender cross-section and more likely to buckle and twist under high bending loads than those of hot-rolled C-sections. The influence of using four different lightweight-recycled aggregates that combine together in the infill concrete material was investigated. These recycled aggregates are recycled concrete aggregate (RCA), expanded polystyrene (EPS) beads, crumb rubber aggregates (CRA) and fine glass aggregates (FGA). For this purpose, 14 samples of cold-formed galvanized steel C-purlin were filled with concrete material (containing 0 to 100% recycled aggregates) which are experimentally tested under pure bending load, and 1 additional sample was tested without the filling material. Further numerical models were prepared and analyzed using finite element analysis software to investigate the effects of additional parameters that were not experimentally examined. Generally, the results confirm that filling the C-sections with concrete material that contains varied percentages of recycled aggregates offer significantly improved the flexural stiffness, bending capacity, and ductility performances. For example, using infill concrete materials with 0% and 100% recycled aggregate replacement increased the bending capacity of hollow C-section by about 11.4 and 8.6 times, respectively. Furthermore, stiffening of the concrete-filled C-sections with steel strips or screw connectors eventually improved the composite behavior of the specimens which led to an increase in their bending capacities accordingly, and this improvement enhanced more with an increased number of these strips and connectors.

History

Journal

Materials

Volume

15

Pagination

2982-2982

Location

Basel, Switzerland

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

1996-1944

eISSN

1996-1944

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

9

Publisher

MDPI

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