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Strategies for the on-line preconcentration and separation of hypolipidaemic drugs using micellar electrokinetic chromatography
journal contributionposted on 2010-01-15, 00:00 authored by M Dawod, M C Breadmore, Rosanne GuijtRosanne Guijt, P R Haddad
Three strategies were investigated for the simultaneous separation and on-line preconcentration of charged and neutral hypolipidaemic drugs in micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC). A background electrolyte (BGE) consisting of 20 mM ammonium bicarbonate buffer (pH 8.50) and 50 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was used for the separation and on-line preconcentration of the drugs. The efficiencies of sweeping, analyte focusing by micelle collapse (AFMC), and simultaneous field-amplified sample stacking (FASS) and sweeping, were compared for the preconcentration of eight hypolipidaemic drugs in different conductivity sample matrices. When compared with a hydrodynamic injection (5 s at 50 mbar, 0.51% of capillary volume to detection window) of drug mixture prepared in the separation BGE, improvements of detection sensitivity of 60-, 83-, and 80-fold were obtained with sweeping, AFMC and simultaneous FASS and sweeping, respectively, giving limits of detection (LODs) of 50, 36, and 38 μg/L, respectively. The studied techniques showed suitability for focusing different types of analytes having different values of retention factor (k). This is the first report for the separation of different types of hypolipidaemic drugs by capillary electrophoresis (CE). The three methods were validated then applied for the analysis of target analytes in wastewater samples from Hobart city. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Pagination386 - 393
Publication classificationCN.1 Other journal article
Science & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicinePhysical SciencesBiochemical Research MethodsChemistry, AnalyticalBiochemistry & Molecular BiologyChemistryHypolipidaemic drugsCapillary electrophoresisMEKCSweepingField-amplified sample stackingAnalyte focusing by micelle collapsePseudostationary phaseCOA REDUCTASE INHIBITORSPERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHYNEUTRAL ANALYTESCAPILLARY-ELECTROPHORESISSAMPLE PRECONCENTRATIONHUMAN PLASMAPHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATIONSHPLC METHODHUMAN-SERUMSIMVASTATINChemical FractionationChromatography, Micellar Electrokinetic CapillaryHypolipidemic AgentsModels, MolecularReproducibility of ResultsSensitivity and SpecificitySodium Dodecyl Sulfate