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Strengthening midwifery in the South-East Asian region: A scoping review of midwifery-related research

journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-09, 01:15 authored by G Griffin, Z Bradfield, KK Than, R Smith, A Tanimizu, N Raina, CSE Homer
Improving sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, and adolescent health outcomes necessitates greater commitment to, and investments in, midwifery. To identify future research priorities to advance and strengthen midwifery, we conducted a scoping review to synthesise and report areas of midwifery that have been explored in the previous 10 years in the 11 countries of the World Health Organization’s South-East Asia region. Electronic peer-reviewed databases were searched for primary peer-reviewed research published in any language, published between January 2012 and December 2022 inclusive. A total of 7086 citations were screened against the review inclusion criteria. After screening and full text review, 195 sources were included. There were 94 quantitative (48.2%), 67 qualitative (34.4%) and 31 mixed methods (15.9%) studies. The majority were from Indonesia (n = 93, 47.7%), India (n = 41, 21.0%) and Bangladesh (n = 26, 13.3%). There were no sources identified from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea or the Maldives. We mapped the findings against six priority areas adapted from the 2021 State of the World’s Midwifery Report and Regional Strategic Directions for Strengthening Midwifery in the South-East Asia region (2020–2024): practice or service delivery (n = 73, 37.4%), pre-service education (n = 60, 30.8%), in-service education or continuing professional development (n = 51, 26.2%), workforce management (n = 46, 23.6%), governance and regulation (n = 21, 10.8%) and leadership (n = 12, 6.2%). Most were published by authors with affiliations from the country where the research was conducted. The volume of published midwifery research reflects country-specific investment in developing a midwifery workforce, and the transition to midwifery-led care. There was variation between countries in how midwife was defined, education pathways, professional regulation, education accreditation, governance models and scope of practice. Further evaluation of the return on investment in midwifery education, regulation, deployment and retention to support strategic decision-making is recommended. Key elements of leadership requiring further exploration included career pathways, education and development needs and regulatory frameworks to support and embed effective midwifery leadership at all levels of health service governance.

History

Journal

PLoS ONE

Volume

18

Article number

ARTN e0294294

Location

United States

ISSN

1932-6203

eISSN

1932-6203

Language

English

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Editor/Contributor(s)

Sarmiento I

Issue

12 DECEMBER

Publisher

PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE