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Structure-property relationships in nylon 6 nanocomposites based on octaphenyl-, dodecaphenyl-POSS, montmorillonite, and their combinations

Version 2 2024-06-04, 11:28
Version 1 2015-08-17, 13:59
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-04, 11:28 authored by K Magniez, E Bafekrpour, BL Fox, MG Looney
Binary and ternary nanocomposites were produced by incorporating, via melt compounding, two types of octa-and dodecaphenyl substituted polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS), montmorillonite (MMT), and combinations of POSS with MMT into nylon 6. The tensile, flexural, and dynamic thermo-mechanical properties of these materials were characterized and their structure-property relationships discussed. The results show that the losses in ductility and toughness experienced after inclusion of MMT into nylon 6 can be balanced out by co-mixing MMT with the dodecaphenyl- POSS to produce a ternary nanocomposite. This trend however was less pronounced in the ternary MMT/octaphenyl-POSS system. Analysis of the microstructure organization in these materials using XRD and SEM sheds some light on understanding the differences in behavior. Both types of POSS particles mixed alone in nylon 6 were found to be polydisperse (500 nm to a few microns in size) and locally aggregated, yielding materials with similar mechanical performance. The co-mixing of MMT with the octaphenyl- POSS served to break down the POSS crystal aggregates, enhancing their micro-mechanical reinforcing action. On the other hand, the POSS crystals were not affected in the MMT/dodecaphenyl-POSS system, which led to improving their toughening ability.

History

Journal

Polymer composites

Volume

36

Pagination

153-160

Location

Weinheim, Germany

ISSN

0272-8397

eISSN

1548-0569

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2015, Wiley

Issue

1

Publisher

Wiley