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Student survey trends in reported alcohol use and influencing factors in Australia

Version 2 2024-06-06, 09:09
Version 1 2018-01-16, 07:38
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-06, 09:09 authored by John ToumbourouJohn Toumbourou, Bosco RowlandBosco Rowland, Matin Ghayour-MinaieMatin Ghayour-Minaie, S Sherker, GC Patton, JW Williams
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is a need to explain reported trends of reduced alcohol and drug (substance) use in school-aged children in Australia. This study used student survey data collected in the states of Victoria, Western Australia and Queensland to examine trends in substance use and associated influencing factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Youth self-reports were examined from 11 cross-sectional surveys completed by 41 328 adolescents (average age 13.5 years, 52.5% female) across 109 Australian communities between 1999 and 2015. Multi-level modelling was used to identify trends in adolescent reports of lifetime alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use, adjusted for age, gender, social disadvantage and minority status. Trends in influencing factors were also examined that included: individual attitudes, and family, school and community environments. Multivariate analyses estimated the main contributors to alcohol use trends. RESULTS: Alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use all fell significantly from 1999 to 2015. Higher levels of use were observed in Victoria compared to Western Australia or Queensland. Multivariate analyses identified reductions in favourable parent attitudes and lower availability of substances as direct contributors to reducing alcohol use trends. Indicators of school and family adjustment did not show similar trend reductions. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Reductions in adolescent alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use from 1999 to 2015 were associated with similar reductions in parent favourable attitudes and availability of substances. It is plausible that a reduced tendency for parents and other adults to supply adolescent alcohol are implicated in the reductions in adolescent alcohol use observed across Australia.

History

Journal

Drug and Alcohol Review

Volume

37

Pagination

S58-S66

Location

Australia

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

0959-5236

eISSN

1465-3362

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs

Issue

S1

Publisher

WILEY