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Study on the visual performance of a traditional residential neighborhood in Old Cairo

journal contribution
posted on 2012-10-01, 00:00 authored by S Almaiyah, Hisham Elkadi
Traditional dwellings located in the hot arid zone in Egypt are well known for their sensitive architectural response to the region's climatic conditions and socio-cultural norms. The majority of these dwellings are well recognized for their courtyard arrangement and perforated fenestration systems that evolved to control the harsh solar, climatic conditions without compromising the aesthetic quality of the space and the occupants' well-being. The unique visual characteristics of these structures cannot be fully appreciated by assessing the visual performance of buildings in isolation from their urban context. Much of the character of the traditional urban fabric of this region came from the collective visual perception of its architectural components as well as urban patterns. This paper examines daylight behavior of a well-known historic alleyway and of a courtyard house in the Old City of Cairo. Using the Radiance IES simulation modeling tool and a scaled model under an artificial sky dome, the paper investigates the visual comfort in a typical pedestrian street and a selected house. A comparative analysis between simulated results and measured values at target points was conducted. The results indicate a reasonable agreement with the simulation results. The paper gives an insight into the overall visual experience in the traditional settlements in the Old City of Cairo in relation to daylight components and hence their contribution to the unique sense of identity of the place.

History

Journal

Journal of urban technology

Volume

19

Issue

4

Pagination

59 - 86

Publisher

Routledge

Location

Oxon, England

ISSN

1063-0732

eISSN

1466-1853

Language

eng

Notes

This paper was also presented at the Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference of the Association of Architecture Schools of Australasia on 18-21 September 2011.

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2012, Taylor & Francis

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