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Superior visual search and crowding abilities are not characteristic of all individuals on the autism spectrum

journal contribution
posted on 2018-10-01, 00:00 authored by Ebony Lindor, Nicole Rinehart, Joanne Fielding
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often excel on visual search and crowding tasks; however, inconsistent findings suggest that this 'islet of ability' may not be characteristic of the entire spectrum. We examined whether performance on these tasks changed as a function of motor proficiency in children with varying levels of ASD symptomology. Children with high ASD symptomology outperformed all others on complex visual search tasks, but only if their motor skills were rated at, or above, age expectations. For the visual crowding task, children with high ASD symptomology and superior motor skills exhibited enhanced target discrimination, whereas those with high ASD symptomology but poor motor skills experienced deficits. These findings may resolve some of the discrepancies in the literature.

History

Journal

Journal of autism and developmental disorders

Volume

48

Pagination

3499-3512

Location

New York, N.Y.

eISSN

1573-3432

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature

Issue

10

Publisher

Springer

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