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Surface modified graphene for heavy metal ions adsorption

journal contribution
posted on 2013-08-01, 00:00 authored by Na Kong, X Huang, L Cui, J Liu
In this study, the adsorption capacity of graphene sheets before and after modification with 1-pyrenebutyric acid (PBA) via the π-π stacking interaction for heavy metal ions such as Cu2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ was explored. The adsorption capacities and efficiency for heavy metal ions at different pH and contact time were also investigated. The results showed that PBA modified graphene were better adsorbent for heavy metal ions than graphene. Graphene exhibited the adsorption capacity of up to 77.3 mg/g for Cu2+, 78.5 mg/g for Cd2+ and 99.3 mg/g for Pb2+, while graphene/PBA exhibited the higher adsorption capacity of up to 92.3 mg/g for Cu2+, 85.8 mg/g for Cd2+ and 124.2 mg/g for Pb2+ at pH of 5. The adsorption isotherms study revealed that the adsorption of graphene and graphene/PBA toward Cu2+ was well described by Langmuir isotherm model. The adsorption kinetics of Cu2+ onto graphene and graphene/PBA illustrated that the adsorption data fit the pseudosecond- order models. These graphene sheets were characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and FT-IR spectrum.

History

Journal

Science of advanced materials

Volume

5

Issue

8

Pagination

1083 - 1089

Publisher

American Scientific Publishers

Location

Valencia, Calif.

ISSN

1947-2935

eISSN

1947-2943

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2013, American Scientific Publishers

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