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Surveillance of wild birds for avian influenza virus

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journal contribution
posted on 01.12.2010, 00:00 authored by Bethany Hoye, V Munster, H Nishiura, Marcel KlaassenMarcel Klaassen, R Fouchier
Recent demand for increased understanding of avian influenza virus in its natural hosts, together with the development of high-throughput diagnostics, has heralded a new era in wildlife disease surveillance. However, survey design, sampling, and interpretation in the context of host populations still present major challenges. We critically reviewed current surveillance to distill a series of considerations pertinent to avian influenza virus surveillance in wild birds, including consideration of what, when, where, and how many to sample in the context of survey objectives. Recognizing that wildlife disease surveillance is logistically and financially constrained, we discuss pragmatic alternatives for achieving probability-based sampling schemes that capture this host-pathogen system. We recommend hypothesis-driven surveillance through standardized, local surveys that are, in turn, strategically compiled over broad geographic areas. Rethinking the use of existing surveillance infrastructure can thereby greatly enhance our global understanding of avian influenza and other zoonotic diseases.

History

Journal

Emerging infectious diseases

Volume

16

Issue

12

Pagination

1827 - 1834

Publisher

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Location

Atlanta, Ga.

ISSN

1080-6040

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

This work is in the Public Domain and has no copyright restriction.