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Sustainable management of landfill leachate concentrate via nanofiltration enhanced by one-step rapid assembly of metal-organic coordination complexes

journal contribution
posted on 2022-10-25, 22:33 authored by J Lin, Q Chen, R Liu, W Ye, P Luis, B Van der Bruggen, Shuaifei ZhaoShuaifei Zhao
Sustainable treatment of the highly saline landfill leachate concentrate for application as green fertilizer calls for effective fractionation of the existing humic substances and inorganic salts; advanced selective nanofiltration membranes are proposed for this. One-step, rapid assembly of a tannic acid-Fe3+ coordination complex is a promising strategy to endow the membranes with an enhanced nanofiltration performance. In this study, a robust and homogeneous tannic acid-Fe3+ coordination complex layer was effectively coated onto the surface of a loose nanofiltration substrate in an extremely short time (15 s). After the coating of the tannic acid-Fe3+ coordination complex layer, the nanofiltration membrane showed a significantly reduced molecule weight cutoff (i.e., reduction from 601 to 279 Da) and thus enhanced selectivity towards humic substances. Specifically, the rejection to humic substances of the coated nanofiltration membrane increased from 95.31±0.54% to 99.32±0.18% with negligible rise in salt rejection, demonstrating an enhanced fractionation efficacy for humic substances and salts. Assisted by a diafiltration operation with the coated nanofiltration membrane, humic substances in the landfill leachate concentrate were effectively purified and extracted with 96.60% recovery. Particularly, the humic substances were linearly enriched by ca. 7.8 folds (i.e., from 1837 to 13970 mg·L−1) with a purity of 98.91% for potential application as liquid fertilizer. The one-step rapid tannic acid-Fe3+ coordination complex coating exhibits an impressive efficacy to engineer advanced nanofiltration membranes that could be applied at a large scale for sustainable resource extraction from landfill leachate concentrate.

History

Journal

Water Research

Volume

204

ISSN

0043-1354

eISSN

1879-2448