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Sustainable synthesis of rose flower-like magnetic biochar from tea waste for environmental applications
journal contributionposted on 2022-10-25, 22:33 authored by K Shirvanimoghaddam, B Czech, K Tyszczuk-Rotko, M Kończak, S M Fakhrhoseini, Ram YadavRam Yadav, Minoo NaebeMinoo Naebe
Introduction: Biochar utilization for adsorption seems to be the most cost-effective, easy/fast approach for pollutants removal from water and wastewater. Due to the high adsorption properties, magnetic biochar proved to be efficient in the sorption of heavy metals and nutrients. Although there are several studies on development of magnetic biochars, there is a lack of research on development of high-performance magnetic biochar from food waste for removal applications. Objectives: This study aimed at preparing new classes of magnetic biochar derived from tea waste (TBC) for removal of heavy metals (Ni2+, Co2+), and nutrients (NH4+ and PO43−) from water and effective fertilizer (source of NH4+ and PO43−). Methods: Standard carbonization process and ultrafast microwave have been used for fabrication of TBCs. The removal of nickel, cobalt as the representatives of heavy metals, and over-enriched nutrients (NH4+ and PO43−) from water were tested and the removal kinetics, mechanism, and the effect of pH, dissolved organic matter and ionic strength were studied. Simultaneously, possible fertilizing effect of TBC for controlled release of nutrients (NH4+ and PO43−) in soil was investigated. Results: Up to 147.84 mg g−1 of Ni2+ and 160.00 mg g−1 of Co2+ were adsorbed onto tested biochars. The process of co-adsorption was also efficient (at least 131.68 mg g−1 of Co2+ and 160.00 mg g−1 of Ni2+). The highest adsorbed amount of NH4+ was 49.43 mg g−1, and the highest amount of PO43− was 112.61 mg g−1. The increase of the solution ionic strength and the presence of natural organic matter affected both the amount of adsorbed Ni2++Co2+ and the reaction mechanism. Conclusions: The results revealed that magnetic nanoparticle impregnated onto tea biochar, can be a very promising alternative for wastewater treatment especially considering removal of heavy metals and nutrients and slow-release fertilizer to improve the composition of soil elements.