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Sustained low-efficiency dialysis with filtration (SLEDD-f) in the management of acute sodium valproate intoxication

journal contribution
posted on 2008-01-01, 00:00 authored by E Khan, P Huggan, L Celi, Rob Macginley, J Schollum, R Walker
Hemodialysis is only infrequently used in drug overdosage situations. The efficacy of hemodialysis to remove the drug depends upon the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the drug. At normal therapeutic concentrations, valproic acid is predominantly protein bound and therefore removal by hemodialysis is limited. In an overdose situation, protein binding is rapidly saturated and therefore the substantially larger quantities of the free drug can rapidly cause toxicity. Slow low-efficient daily diafiltration (SLEDD) has not previously been utilized in a drug overdose situation. We report the effective use of SLEDD to remove high toxic concentrations of valproic acid in an overdose situation. Slow low-efficient daily diafiltration also prevented the rebound phenomenon that can occur as the excess drug is released from its protein-bound stores. Hybrid dialysis therapies deserve further evaluation in the management of other poisonings where extra-corporeal therapy is indicated.

History

Journal

Hemodialysis international

Volume

12

Issue

2

Pagination

211 - 214

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing

Location

Malden, Ma.

ISSN

1492-7535

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2008, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing

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