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Synthesis of Al3BC from mechanically milled and spark plasma sintered Al-MgB2 composite materials

journal contribution
posted on 2008-06-01, 00:00 authored by M Kubota, Pavel CizekPavel Cizek
The aluminium-rich ternary aluminium borocarbide, Al3BC was synthesised for the first time by solid-state reactions occurring during heat treatments after mechanical milling (MM) of pure aluminium with 15 or 50 at% MgB2 powder mixtures in the presence of the process control agent (PCA).

The solid-state reactions in the Al–15 and 50 at% MgB2 composite materials occurred between the MMed powders and process control agent (PCA) after heating at 773–873 K for 24 h. The products of the solid-state reaction induced Al3BC, AlB2, γ-Al2O3 and spinel MgAl2O4. MM processing time and heating temperatures in the Al–15 and 50 at% MgB2 composite materials affected the selection of those intermetallic compounds. When MM processing time was increased for a given composition, the formation of the Al3BC compound started at lower heat treatment temperatures. However, when the amount of MgB2 was increased in the 4 h MM processing regime, the formation of the Al3BC compound during heating was suppressed. As a result of the solid-state reactions in MMed powders the hardness was observed to increase after heating at 573–873 K for 24 h.

The fully dense bulk nano-composite materials have been successfully obtained through the combination of the MM and spark plasma sintering (SPS) processes for the 4 h or 8 h MMed powders of the Al–15 at% MgB2 composite materials sintered under an applied pressure of 49 MPa at 873 K for 1 h.

History

Journal

Journal of alloys and compounds

Volume

457

Issue

1-2

Pagination

209 - 215

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, Netherlands

ISSN

0925-8388

eISSN

1873-4669

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2007, Elsevier B.V.

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