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Tailored and Adaptive Computerized Cognitive Training in Older Adults at Risk for Dementia: A Randomized Controlled Trial
journal contributionposted on 2023-02-21, 04:56 authored by A Bahar-Fuchs, S Webb, L Bartsch, L Clare, G Rebok, N Cherbuin, KJ Anstey
Background: Computerized CognitiveTraining (CCT) has been shownto improve cognitive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mood-related neuropsychiatric symptoms (MrNPS), but many questions remain unresolved. Objective: To evaluate the extent to which CCT benefits older adults with both MCI and MrNPS, and its effects on metacognitive and non-cognitive outcomes, as well as establish whether adapting difficulty levels and tailoring to individuals' profile is superior to generic training. Method: Older adults with MCI (n = 9), MrNPS (θ = 11), or both (MCI+, θ = 25) were randomized into a home-based individually-Tailored and adaptive CCT (θ = 21) or an active control condition (AC; θ = 23) in a double-blind design. Interventions lasted 8-12 weeks and outcomes were assessed after the intervention, and at a 3-month follow-up. Results: Participants in both conditions reported greater satisfaction with their everyday memory following intervention and at follow-up. However, participants in the CCT condition showed greater improvement on composite measures of memory, learning, and global cognition at follow-up. Participants with MrNPS in the CCT condition were also found to have improved mood at 3-month follow-up and reported using fewer memory strategies at the post-intervention and follow-up assessments. There was no evidence that participants with MCI+ were disadvantaged relative to the other diagnostic conditions. Finally, informant-rated caregiver burden declined at follow-up assessment in the CCT condition relative to the AC condition. Conclusions: Home-based CCT with adaptive difficulty and personal tailoring appears superior to more generic CCT in relation to both cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes. Mechanisms of treatment effect and future directions are discussed.
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Publication classificationC1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Science & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineNeurosciencesNeurosciences & NeurologyBehavior change techniquescognitive trainingmild cognitive impairmentrandomized controlled trialBEHAVIOR-CHANGE TECHNIQUESOF-THE-LITERATUREALZHEIMERS-DISEASENEUROPSYCHIATRIC SYMPTOMSIMPAIRMENTMEMORYINTERVENTIONMETAANALYSISPROGRESSIONPERFORMANCEAffectAgedCaregiversCognitive DysfunctionCost of IllnessDementiaDouble-Blind MethodFemaleFollow-Up StudiesHumansMaleMemoryMetacognitionMood DisordersNeuropsychological TestsPatient SatisfactionPrecision MedicineRiskTelemedicineTherapy, Computer-AssistedTreatment OutcomeClinical Trials and Supportive ActivitiesAgingBehavioral and Social ScienceClinical ResearchBrain DisordersNeurodegenerativePreventionAcquired Cognitive ImpairmentAlzheimer's Disease including Alzheimer's Disease Related Dementias (AD/ADRD)Alzheimer's DiseaseRehabilitationNeurologicalMental healthCognitive SciencesClinical Sciences not elsewhere classifiedNeurosciences not elsewhere classified