Deakin University
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Technology-supported self-guided nutrition and physical activity interventions for adults with cancer: systematic review

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-02-01, 00:00 authored by Nicole KissNicole Kiss, Brenton BaguleyBrenton Baguley, Kylie BallKylie Ball, Robin DalyRobin Daly, Steve FraserSteve Fraser, Catherine L Granger, Anna UgaldeAnna Ugalde
BACKGROUND: Nutrition and physical activity interventions are important components of cancer care. With an increasing demand for services, there is a need to consider flexible, easily accessible, and tailored models of care while maintaining optimal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review describes and appraises the efficacy of technology-supported self-guided nutrition and physical activity interventions for people with cancer. METHODS: A systematic search of multiple databases from 1973 to July 2018 was conducted for randomized and nonrandomized trials investigating technology-supported self-guided nutrition and physical activity interventions. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool. Outcomes included behavioural, health-related, clinical, health service, or financial measures. RESULTS: Sixteen randomized controlled trials representing 2684 participants were included. Most studies were web-based interventions (n=9) and had a 12-week follow-up duration (n=8). Seven studies assessed dietary behaviour, of which two reported a significant benefit on diet quality or fruit and vegetable intake. Fifteen studies measured physical activity behaviour, of which eight studies reported a significant improvement in muscle strength and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Four of the nine studies assessing the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) reported a significant improvement in global HRQoL or a domain subscale. A significant improvement in fatigue was found in four of six studies. Interpretation of findings was influenced by inadequate reporting of intervention description and compliance. CONCLUSIONS: This review identified short-term benefits of technology-supported self-guided interventions on the physical activity level and fatigue and some benefit on dietary behaviour and HRQoL in people with cancer. However, current literature demonstrates a lack of evidence for long-term benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42017080346;



JMIR mHealth and uHealth





Article number



1 - 17


JMIR Publications


Toronto, Ont.





Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, Nicole Kiss, Brenton James Baguley, Kylie Ball, Robin M Daly, Steve F Fraser, Catherine L Granger, Anna Ugalde