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The Effect of the ENJOY Seniors Exercise Park Physical Activity Program on Falls in Older People in the Community: A Prospective Pre-Post Study Design
journal contributionposted on 2023-02-22, 21:57 authored by P Levinger, J Dunn, M G Panisset, T Haines, Briony Dow, F Batchelor, S Biddle, G Duque, K D Hill
Background: The ENJOY project (Exercise interveNtion outdoor proJect in the cOmmunitY for older people) is a community-based research project actively promoting physical activity engagement through the delivery of an exercise program using outdoor multimodal exercise equipment. This study investigated the impact of the physical activity program on falls in older people. Method: This study was a multi-site prospective study with a pre-post intervention design and 12-month follow up. Eighty older people with increased falls risk underwent a 12-week supervised outdoors exercise program followed by a 6-month maintenance phase. The proportion of fallers and falls incidence were compared between the preceding and the prospective years. Results: A sample of 54 (age 72.4±7.3, 79.6% women) was available for the 12 months analysis (due to COVID19 lockdowns, data of 19 participants were excluded and 4 dropped out). Number of fallers (from 51.8% to 31.4%, p=0.03) and falls incidence (from 42 to 29 falls, p<0.01) were significantly reduced at the 12-months follow up. Conclusion: The ENJOY Seniors Exercise Park program integrates outdoor multimodal exercise stations including specific exercises designed to challenge dynamic balance during functional daily movements. The outcomes provide preliminary evidence for the potential positive impact of the ENJOY Seniors Exercise Park in reducing falls for older people.