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The Janus face of new media propaganda: the case of Patani neojihadist YouTube warfare and its Islamophobic effect on cyber-actors

journal contribution
posted on 2014-01-01, 00:00 authored by Virginie Andre
Surfing on the Internet 2.0 revolution, Patani 2.0 has allowed Patani neojihadist militants to access new competitive spaces and create their own imagined online community by penetrating new realms of the Internet. This article discusses the use of new media militant propaganda by Patani militants and how it is Janus faced. It further examines how the Patani 2.0 social interaction enabled by social media such as YouTube leads to group cohesion among certain actors and the formation of a collective identity that is clustered around the notions of Muslim victimization and defensive jihad; and how, at the same time, it reinforces antithetical identities and fosters group identity competition, where one religious group is often pitted against another. As a result, the Janus effect of Patani neojihadist YouTube online propaganda, while it primarily seeks to radicalize, also generates a reactionary, often virulent, anti-Muslim response from the movement's critics.

History

Journal

Islam and Christian–Muslim relations

Volume

25

Issue

3

Pagination

335 - 356

Publisher

Routledge

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

1469-9311

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2014, University of Birmingham

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