Deakin University

File(s) not publicly available

The Pacific OPIC project (Obesity Prevention in Communities) - objectives and designs

journal contribution
posted on 2007-09-01, 00:00 authored by Boyd SwinburnBoyd Swinburn, J Pryor, M McCabe, Rob CarterRob Carter, M de Courten, D Schaaf, R Scragg
Background: Evidence on how to reduce the increasing prevalence of youth obesity is urgently needed in many countries.The Pacific OPIC Project (Obesity Prevention In Communities) is a series of linked studies in four countries (Fiji, Tonga, New Zealand, Australia) which is designed to address this important problem.
Objectives: The studies aim to: 1) determine the overall impact of comprehensive, community-based intervention programs on overweight/obesity prevalence in youth; 2) assess the feasibility of the specific intervention components and their impacts on eating and physical activity patterns; 3) understand the socio-cultural factors that promote obesity and how they can be infl uenced; 4) identify the effects of food-related policies in Fiji and Tonga and how they might be changed; 5) estimate the overall burden of childhood obesity (including loss of quality of life); 6) estimate the costs (and cost-effectiveness) of the intervention programs, and; 7) increase the capacity for obesity prevention research and action in Pacific populations.
Design: The community studies use quasi-experimental designs with impact and outcome assessments being measured in over 14,000 youth across the intervention and control communities in the four sites. The multi-strategy, multi-setting interventions will run for 3 years before fi nal follow up data are collected in 2008. The interventions are being informed by socio-cultural studies that will determine the family and societal infl uences on food intake, physical activity and body size perception.
Progress and conclusions: Baseline studies have been completed and interventions are underway. Despite the many challenges in implementing and evaluating community-based interventions, especially in the Pacifi c, the OPIC Project will provide rich evidence about what works and what does not work for obesity prevention in youth from European and Pacific backgrounds.



Pacific health dialog : health promotion in the Pacific






139 - 146


Health Research Council of the Pacific


Rarotonga, Cook Islands





Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2007, Health Research Council of the Pacific

Usage metrics

    Research Publications


    No categories selected