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The Permian brachiopod genus Trigonotreta Koenig and its occurrence in Argentina

journal contribution
posted on 2002-06-30, 00:00 authored by G Cisterna, Neil Archbold, T Simanauskas
A review of the Permian spiriferid brachiopod genus Trigonolrela and its occurrence in the Early Permian of Argentina is provided herein. Several species are known from the Late Palaeozoic sequences of the Argentinean Precordillera. These include Trigonolrela sp. and Trigonolrela riojanensis (Lech and Acenolaza), from the Rio del Peii.on Formation (Rio Blanco Basin), Trigonolrela pericoensis (Leanza), from the Tupe Formation at the La Herradura creek locality (Paganzo Basin) and Trigonolrela sanjuanensis (Lech and Acenolaza), from Del Salto Formation (Calingasta-Uspallata Basin). These species are characterised by being small to medium sized, relatively transverse, with cardinal extremities often strongly angular. Costae are weakly bifurcated and superimposed on weakly developed lateral flank plications adjacent to the fastigium and sulcus. The Argentinean species are close to the oldest known Indian species of the genus, Trigonotreta hesdoensis (Salmi and Dutt), particularly with respect to the nature of its weakly fasciculated costae. Further study will refine the details of the relationship of the South American species with those from elsewhere in Gondwana and may permit the recognition of a distinctive lineage. The presence of the genus in Argentina in the earliest Permian is an important palaeobiogeographical observation that raises questions about the probable migration routes of the genus from the western Gondwanan South American margin to eastern Australia and India. The Precordilleran region appears to be the likely site of the first appearance of Trigonolrela. Species with relatively simple costae appeared first. These gave rise to more complex species with a more elaborate costal pattern indicating an evolutionary progression through time.

History

Journal

Ameghiniana

Volume

39

Issue

2

Pagination

213 - 220

Publisher

Asociacion Paleontologica Argentina

Location

Buenos Aires, Argentina

ISSN

0002-7014

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal