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The additive effect of zwitterion and nano-particles on ion dissociation in polyelectrolytes

journal contribution
posted on 30.04.2005, 00:00 authored by Nolene ByrneNolene Byrne, Jenny PringleJenny Pringle, C Tiyapiboonchaiya, D MacFarlane, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth
To realise the battery potential of gel polyelectrolytes greater ion dissociation, ultimately leading to higher conductivities, must be achieved. Higher conductivities will result through increasing the ion-dissociating properties of the gel polyelectrolyte. The poor degree of ion dissociation arises as the active ion tends to remain in close proximity to the backbone charge. Nano-particle inorganic oxides, and zwitterionic compounds have been shown to act as dissociation enhancers in certain polyelectrolyte systems. In an attempt to further increase ion dissociation the addition of both TiO2 nano-particles and a zwitterionic compound based on 1-butylimidazolium-3-N-(butanesulphonate) were added to the gel polyelectrolyte system poly (Li-2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulphonate-co-N,N′-dimethylacrylamide), poly(Li-AMPS-co-DMAA) to determine if a synergistic effect occurs. Two different solvents were used to determine the breadth of applicability of the additive effect. The use of both dissociators resulted in the maximum ionic conductivity being achieved at lower nano-particle concentrations when compared to an identical system without zwitterion.

History

Journal

Electrochimica acta

Volume

50

Issue

13

Pagination

2733 - 2738

Publisher

Elsevier Science Pub. Co.

Location

New York, N.Y.

ISSN

0013-4686

eISSN

1873-3859

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2004, Elsevier Ltd.