Deakin University

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The association between community and service level factors and rates of disengagement in individuals with first episode psychosis

journal contribution
posted on 2019-08-01, 00:00 authored by Siobhan Reynolds, Eleanor Brown, Da Jung Kim, Hellen Geros, Holly Sizer, Scott Eaton, Rachel Tindall, Patrick McGorry, Brian O'Donoghue
INTRODUCTION: Individuals who experience a first episode of psychosis require early intervention and regular follow-up in order to improve their prognosis and avoid long-term negative outcomes. However, approximately 30% of individuals accessing support will end up disengaging from early intervention (EI) services. Although we know that individual factors can impact rates of disengagement, less is known about potential service and community level factors. METHODS: Data were gathered from a cohort of individuals attending a specialist youth mental health service in Melbourne, Australia between 1st January 2011 and 7th September 2014. Data were collected from clinical files and electronic medical records using a standardised audit instrument. Cox regression analysis was used to identify whether community level factors were predictors of disengagement. RESULTS: Data were available for 707 young people experiencing a first episode of psychosis. Individuals residing in neighbourhoods of higher social deprivation were at a higher relative risk of disengaging, with 4.7% increase in engagement for each increase in decile of deprivation. The introduction of a new clinic was not significantly associated with a difference in the proportion of individuals disengaging from the service and distance to service was not significantly associated with disengagement rates. DISCUSSION: Developing strategies focused on engaging young people with first episode psychosis who reside in more deprived areas may address the higher rates of disengagement these individuals experience. These finding suggest that location may not be a barrier to engagement, however services should be resourced in-line with the population demographic in their specific location.



Schizophrenic research




122 - 127




Amsterdam, The Netherlands





Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, Elsevier B.V.