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The association between sports participation, alcohol use and aggression and violence: a systematic review

journal contribution
posted on 2014-01-01, 00:00 authored by Anders Sonderlund, K O'Brien, Peter Kremer, Bosco RowlandBosco Rowland, Florentine Martino, Petra StaigerPetra Staiger, Lucille Zinkiewicz, Peter MillerPeter Miller
Objectives
To review the current research on alcohol-related violence and sports participation.

Methods
The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were used to identify relevant studies for inclusion. A search of six databases (EBSCOhost) was conducted.

Results
A total of 6890 studies was were identified in the initial search. Of these, 11 studies met the inclusion criteria. The majority of the studies were from the US (n = 10) and focused on collegiate athletes (n = 7), adolescents (n = 3), professional/former professional athletes (n = 1).

Conclusion
The reviewed research indicates higher rates of alcohol use and violence in athlete populations when compared against non-athlete populations. Masculinity, violent social identity and antisocial norms connected to certain sports stand out as potential factors that may impact the association between sport and violence in athlete populations.

History

Journal

Journal of science and medicine in sport

Volume

17

Issue

1

Pagination

2 - 7

Publisher

Elsevier (Australia)

Location

Chatswood, NSW

ISSN

1440-2440

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2014, Elsevier