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The association of the body composition of children with 24-hour activity composition

journal contribution
posted on 01.05.2019, 00:00 authored by Dorothea Dumuid, Melissa Wake, Susan Clifford, David Burgner, John B Carlin, Fiona K Mensah, François Fraysse, Kate LycettKate Lycett, Louise Baur, Timothy Olds
Objectives
To evaluate how the reallocation of time between sleep, sedentary time, light, and moderate-vigorous activities is associated with children's body composition.

Study design
Population-based cross-sectional Child Health CheckPoint within the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n = 938 11-12 year-olds, 50% boys). Twenty-four hour activity composition via accelerometry (minutes/day of sleep, sedentary time, light, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity [MVPA]) and 3-part body composition (percentage truncal fat, percentage nontruncal fat, and percentage fat-free mass) via bioelectrical impedance analysis were measured. We estimated differences in 3-part body composition associated with the incremental reallocation of time between activities, using dual-compositional regression models adjusted for sex, age, puberty, and socioeconomic position.

Results
Reallocation of time between MVPA and any other activity was strongly associated with differences in body composition. Adverse body composition differences were larger for a given MVPA decrease than were the beneficial differences for an equivalent MVPA increase. For example, 15 minutes less MVPA (relative to remaining activities) was associated with absolute percentage differences of +1.7% (95% CI 1.2; 2.4) for truncal fat, +0.8% (0.6; 1.2) for nontruncal fat, and −2.6% (−3.5; −1.9) for fat-free mass, and a 15-minute increase was associated with −0.7% (−0.9; −0.5) truncal fat, −0.4% (−0.5; −0.3) nontruncal fat, and +1.1% (0.9; 1.5) fat-free mass. Reallocations between sleep, sedentary time, and light physical activity were not associated with differences in body composition.

Conclusions
Preventing declines in MVPA during inactive periods (eg, holidays) may be an important intervention goal. More MVPA, instead of other activities, may benefit body composition.

History

Journal

The journal of pediatrics

Volume

208

Pagination

43 - 49

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0022-3476

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal