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The development of a conceptual model of perceived victim credibility in child sexual assault cases

journal contribution
posted on 01.05.2017, 00:00 authored by Ashmyra Voogt, Bianca KlettkeBianca Klettke, Don ThomsonDon Thomson
Psychology and Law Perceived victim credibility is a crucial factor in jury decision-making, especially in the context of child sexual assault cases where there are often no corroborating witnesses. Yet despite the importance of credibility and the expanding research in this area, there remains no unified understanding of what credibility is, what domains it encompasses and how it can be comprehensively measured. This article proposes a conceptual model of perceived victim credibility encompassing the five domains of accuracy, believability, competency, reliability and truthfulness. These domains are defined, distinguishing between the various sub-constructs based on the items they encompass. This model provides a theoretical framework for the development of an instrument to measure perceived victim credibility in future research studies. This is valuable for both researchers and professionals working in the area of child sexual assault in terms of understanding the construct of credibility and unifying the approach to measuring and comparing attitudes.

History

Journal

Psychiatry, Psychology and Law

Pagination

1 - 10

Publisher

Routledge

Location

Abingdon, Eng.

ISSN

1321-8719

eISSN

1934-1687

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2017, Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law