The effect of double - blind carbohydrate ingestion during 60 km of self-paced exercise in warm ambient conditions
journal contributionposted on 2014-01-01, 00:00 authored by C Nassif, A R Gomes, G H C Peixoto, M H Chagas, D D Soares, E Silami-Garcia, Eric DrinkwaterEric Drinkwater, J Cannon, F E Marino
This study evaluated double blind ingestions of placebo (PLA) versus 6% carbohydrate (CHO) either as capsules (c) or beverage (b) during 60 km self-paced cycling in the heat (32°C and 50% relative humidity). Ten well-trained males (mean ± SD: 26±3 years; 64.5±7.7 kg and 70.7±8.8 ml.kg-1.min-1 maximal oxygen consumption) completed four separate 60 km time trials (TT) punctuated by 1 km sprints (14, 29, 44, 59 km) whilst ingesting either PLAb or PLAc or CHOb or CHOc. The TT was not different among treatments (PLAb 130.2±11.2 min, CHOb 140.5±18.1 min, PLAc 143.1±29.2 min, CHOc 137.3±20.1 min; P>0.05). Effect size (Cohen's d) for time was only moderate when comparing CHOb - PLAb (d = 0.68) and PLAb - PLAc (d = 0.57) whereas all other ES were 'trivial' to 'small'. Mean speed throughout the trial was significantly higher for PLAb only (P<0.05). Power output was only different (P<0.05) between the sprints and low intensity efforts within and across conditions. Core and mean skin temperatures were similar among trials. We conclude that CHO ingestion is of little or no benefit as a beverage compared with placebo during 60 km TT in the heat.
Pagination1 - 8
PublisherPublic Library of Science (PLOS)
LocationSan Francisco, Calif.
Publication classificationC Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2014, The Authors
CategoriesNo categories selected
beveragesingestionelectromyographycarbohydratesglycogenssignal filteringheart ratehumidityScience & TechnologyMultidisciplinary SciencesScience & Technology - Other TopicsCYCLING TIME TRIALENDURANCE PERFORMANCEPERCEIVED EXERTIONPROLONGED EXERCISEHUMID CONDITIONSAMINO-ACIDSFATIGUEINTENSITYPLACEBOHEAT