dominguezduque-effectof-2015.pdf (388.01 kB)
Download file

The effect of multidisciplinary rehabilitation on brain structure and cognition in Huntington's disease: An exploratory study

Download (388.01 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 01.02.2015, 00:00 authored by T M Cruickshank, J A Thompson, Juan Dominguez DuqueJuan Dominguez Duque, A P Reyes, M Bynevelt, N Georgiou-Karistianis, R A Barker, M R Ziman
© 2015 The Authors. Brain and Behavior published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Background: There is a wealth of evidence detailing gray matter degeneration and loss of cognitive function over time in individuals with Huntington's disease (HD). Efforts to attenuate disease-related brain and cognitive changes have been unsuccessful to date. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation, comprising motor and cognitive intervention, has been shown to positively impact on functional capacity, depression, quality of life and some aspects of cognition in individuals with HD. This exploratory study aimed to evaluate, for the first time, whether multidisciplinary rehabilitation can slow further deterioration of disease-related brain changes and related cognitive deficits in individuals with manifest HD. Methods: Fifteen participants who manifest HD undertook a multidisciplinary rehabilitation intervention spanning 9 months. The intervention consisted of once-weekly supervised clinical exercise, thrice-weekly self-directed home based exercise and fortnightly occupational therapy. Participants were assessed using MR imaging and validated cognitive measures at baseline and after 9 months. Results: Participants displayed significantly increased gray matter volume in the right caudate and bilaterally in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex after 9 months of multidisciplinary rehabilitation. Volumetric increases in gray matter were accompanied by significant improvements in verbal learning and memory (Hopkins Verbal Learning-Test). A significant association was found between gray matter volume increases in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and performance on verbal learning and memory. Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence that multidisciplinary rehabilitation positively impacts on gray matter changes and cognitive functions relating to verbal learning and memory in individuals with manifest HD. Larger controlled trials are required to confirm these preliminary findings.

History

Journal

Brain and Behavior

Volume

5

Issue

2

Article number

e00312

Pagination

1 - 10

Publisher

Wiley

Location

London, Eng.

eISSN

2162-3279

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal