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The effect of nano-particle TiO2 fillers on structure and transport in polymer electrolytes

journal contribution
posted on 01.04.2002, 00:00 authored by Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, D MacFarlane, A Best, J Adebahr, P Jacobsson, A Hill
Nano-particle oxide fillers including TiO2, SiO2 and Al2O3 have previously been shown to have a significant affect on the properties of polymer electrolytes, especially those based on polyether–lithium salt systems. In some cases, conductivity increases of more than one order of magnitude have been reported in crystalline PEO-based complexes. In this work, we report on the effects of TiO2 on a completely amorphous polyether-based system to remove the complication of multiple phases presented by the semi-crystalline nature of PEO. Multinuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy has shown that the lithium ion environment is changed by the addition of filler. Vibrational spectroscopy shows that the filler influences the disordered-longitudinal acoustic modes (DLAM) in the case of an amorphous polyether and suggests an interaction between the filler surface and the polymer. Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy indicates an increase in free volume upon addition of filler to an amorphous polyether–salt complex, coinciding with an apparent increase in polymer mobility as determined from 1H T2 NMR measurements. Impedance spectroscopy has shown clear evidence of an inter-phase region that may be more or less conductive than the bulk polymer electrolyte itself. The data support a model which includes conduction through an interfacial region in addition to the bulk polymer

History

Journal

Solid state ionics

Volume

147

Issue

3-4

Pagination

203 - 211

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0167-2738

eISSN

1872-7689

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2002, Elsevier Science B.V.