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The effect of preference and actual days spent working from home on stress and musculoskeletal pain in older workers
journal contributionposted on 2023-08-09, 01:44 authored by J Oakman, KA Lambert, VP Weale, R Stuckey, Melissa GrahamMelissa Graham
Objectives: The rapid shift to working from home (WFH) due to the COVID-19 pandemic provided a unique opportunity to examine the relationship between preferred and actual days spent working from home on employees musculoskeletal pain (MSP) and stress in older workers. Methods: This study uses three waves of data from the Employees Working from Home (EWFH) study collected in May 2021 (n = 451), November 2021 (n = 358) and May 2022 (n = 320) during the COVID-19 pandemic. A generalised mixed-effect model was used to model the relationships between preference and actual days spent WFH, stress and MSP. Exploratory mediation analysis was conducted to further explore significant relationships between actual days WFH and outcomes. Results: WFH was associated with increasing stress levels in older participants, when the actual number of days WFH increased (B: 0.051, 95% CI: 0.008, 0.094) and when the number of days WFH exceeded their preferences (B: 0.218, 95% CI: 0.087, 0.349). Actual number of days spent WFH and stress in older employees was mediated through their sense of community (Indirect effect: 0.014, 95% CI: 0.003, 0.03; p = 0.006). The relationship between WFH and MSP was variable. For older employees, WFH more than their preferred number of days was associated with a higher likelihood of reporting MSP (OR: 4.070, 95% CI: 1.204, 13.757). Conclusions: Findings from this study support the need for flexible policies to support WFH which take into account employees preferences. For older workers, a sense of community was found to be important and proactive attempts to restore this will be important for maintain their health and supporting sustainable employment.
AgeingCOVID-19Musculoskeletal painSense of communityStressTechnology3505 Human Resources and Industrial Relations35 Commerce, Management, Tourism and ServicesBehavioral and Social ScienceAgingClinical Research3202 Clinical sciences3505 Human resources and industrial relations4206 Public healthPublic Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified