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The electrochemistry of lithium in ionic liquid/organic diluent mixtures

journal contribution
posted on 01.12.2010, 00:00 authored by G Lane, A Best, D MacFarlane, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, Paul Bayley, A Hollenkamp
The electrochemistry of lithium is investigated in a number of electrolytes that consist of a lithium salt dissolved in a combined ionic liquid-organic diluent medium. We find that ethylene carbonate and vinylene carbonate improve electrochemical behaviour, while toluene and tetrahydrofuran are less promising.We also present insights into the electrode passivation caused by these diluents in an ionic liquid electrolyte during lithium cycling. We observe that during lithium cycling those electrolytes with carbonate based diluents are the most able to utilise their previously reported improved lithium ion diffusivities. Conversely, tetrahydrofuran, the most promising diluent of those studied in terms of its known ability to increase lithium ion diffusivity is found not to be as advantageous as a diluent. It appears that the poor electrochemical interfacial properties of the tetrahydrofuran electrolyte prevented the realisation of the benefits of the high solution lithium ion diffusivity.

History

Journal

Electrochimica acta

Volume

55

Issue

28

Pagination

8947 - 8952

Publisher

Elsevier Science Pub. Co.

Location

New York, N.Y.

ISSN

0013-4686

eISSN

1873-3859

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2010, Elsevier Ltd.