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The establishment of large private nature reserves by conservation NGOs : key factors for successful implementation

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journal contribution
posted on 01.07.2011, 00:00 authored by L Pasquini, James FitzsimonsJames Fitzsimons, S Cowell, K Brandon, Geoffrey WescottGeoffrey Wescott
Private nature reserves created by nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are increasing, and their growing number and extent means that they can potentially contribute to biodiversity goals at a global scale. However, the success of these reserves depends on the legal, economic and institutional conditions framing their creation and management. We explored these conditions, and the opportunities and challenges facing conservation organizations in managing private nature reserves, across several countries, with an emphasis on Australia. Results from 17 semi-structured interviews with representatives of private conservation organizations indicated that while private reserves may enhance the conservation estate, challenges remain. Legal frameworks, especially tenure and economic laws, vary across and within countries, presenting conservation organizations with significant opportunities or constraints to owning and/or managing private nature reserves. Many acquired land without strategic acquisition procedures and secured funding for property acquisition but not management, affecting the long-term maintenance of properties. Other typical problems were tied to the institutional capacity of the organizations. Greater planning within organizations, especially financial planning, is required and NGOs must understand opportunities and constraints present in legislative frameworks at the outset. Organizations must establish their expertise gaps and address them. To this end, partnerships between organizations and/or with government can prove critical.









373 - 380


Cambridge University Press


Cambridge, England






Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.An electronic version of this paper can obtained by emailing the author First published online 7 June 2011.

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article

Copyright notice

2011, Fauna & Flora International