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The healthcare needs and general practice utilization of people with acquired neurological disability and complex needs: A scoping review
journal contributionposted on 2023-02-10, 01:49 authored by S Oliver, J Douglas, D Winkler, C Pearce, ER Minter, Hannah JarmanHannah Jarman, M Topping
Background: For people with acquired neurological disabilities and complex needs, general practitioners (GPs) play an important role in health management and early intervention for the prevention of comorbidities and health complications. People with disability are a vulnerable group who need and have the right to, quality general practice services. It is therefore important to understand the health needs and service use of this group. The aim of this review was to identify the healthcare needs and general practice utilization of people with acquired neurological disabilities and complex needs. Methods: A scoping review methodological framework was utilized. Six databases (MEDLINE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, Scopus, Embase and the Cochrane Library) were searched. Articles were included if they reported on general practice service utilization of people with acquired neurological disabilities and complex needs aged between 18 and 65. Articles were required to be peer-reviewed, written in English and published between 2010 and 2021. Results: Thirty-one articles were included in the review. Studies originated from Canada (9), the United States (8), Australia (4), Switzerland (4), the United Kingdom (2), England (1), Norway (1), France (1) and Denmark (1). For many people, GPs were the main healthcare provider. People with disability consult multiple healthcare providers and navigate complex healthcare systems. Commonly presented healthcare needs were bladder, bowel and skin problems, pain and chronic pain, medication needs and mental health concerns. Conclusions: People with acquired neurological disabilities and complex needs were vulnerable to receiving suboptimal healthcare. The literature highlighted issues regarding the accessibility of services, the fragmentation of health services and inadequate preventative care. GPs were challenged to offer adequate disability-related expertise and to meet the mental health needs of people with disability within time constraints. Patient and Public Involvement: This manuscript was prepared in collaboration with a GP, who is one of the authors. A person with lived experience of acquired neurological disability was engaged to check the alignment of the findings with their personal experience and provide feedback.
Publication classificationC1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Science & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineHealth Care Sciences & ServicesHealth Policy & ServicesPublic, Environmental & Occupational Healthdisabilitygeneral practicehealth needsprimary careutilizationSPINAL-CORD-INJURYMULTIPLE-SCLEROSISAFTER-DISCHARGEUNMET NEED1ST YEARINDIVIDUALSBARRIERSPATIENTPERSPECTIVESSATISFACTIONHumansAdolescentYoung AdultAdultMiddle AgedAgedDelivery of Health CareGeneral PracticeDisabled PersonsGeneral PractitionersAustraliaHealth ServicesNeurosciencesPain ResearchClinical ResearchChronic PainComplementary and Integrative Health7.3 Management and decision making8 Health and social care services research8.1 Organisation and delivery of services7 Management of diseases and conditions7.1 Individual care needsMental health3 Good Health and Well BeingPublic Health and Health Services not elsewhere classifiedNursing not elsewhere classifiedPsychology not elsewhere classified