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The impact of coalition characteristics on outcomes in community-based initiatives targeting the social determinants of health: a systematic review

Version 3 2024-06-19, 14:21
Version 2 2024-06-05, 02:00
Version 1 2023-02-08, 22:58
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-19, 14:21 authored by P Nagorcka-Smith, Kristy BoltonKristy Bolton, J Dam, Melanie NicholsMelanie Nichols, Laura AlstonLaura Alston, Michael JohnstoneMichael Johnstone, Steven AllenderSteven Allender
Abstract Background Coalitions are a popular mechanism for delivering community-based health promotion. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize research that has quantitatively analyzed the association between coalition characteristics and outcomes in community-based initiatives targeting the social determinants of health. Coalition characteristics described elements of their structure or functioning, and outcomes referred to both proximal and distal community changes. Methods Authors searched six electronic databases to identify peer reviewed, published studies that analyzed the relationship between coalition characteristics and outcomes in community-based initiatives between 1980 and 2021. Studies were included if they were published in English and quantitatively analyzed the link between coalition characteristics and outcomes. Included studies were assessed for quality using the Joanna Briggs Institute analytical cross-sectional studies assessment tool. Results The search returned 10,030 unique records. After screening, 26 studies were included from six countries. Initiatives targeted drug use, health equity, nutrition, physical activity, child and youth development, crime, domestic violence, and neighbourhood improvement. Community outcomes measured included perceived effectiveness (n=10), policy, systems or environment change (n=9), and community readiness or capacity (n=7). Analyses included regression or correlation analysis (n=16) and structural equation or pathway modelling (n=10). Studies varied in quality, with a lack of data collection tool validation presenting the most prominent limitation to study quality. Statistically significant associations were noted between community outcomes and wide range of coalition characteristics, including community context, resourcing, coalition structure, member characteristics, engagement, satisfaction, group facilitation, communication, group dynamics, relationships, community partnership, and health promotion planning and implementation. Conclusion Existing literature demonstrates that coalition characteristics, including best practice health promotion planning and evaluation, influence community outcomes. The field of coalition research would benefit from more consistent description and measurement of coalition characteristics and outcomes, and efforts to evaluate coalitions in a wider range of countries around the world. Further research using empirical community outcome indicators, and methods that consider the interrelationship of variables, is warranted. Trial registration A protocol for this review was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42020205988).



BMC Public Health



Article number

ARTN 1358









Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal